What is meant by international child abduction


 
International child abduction occurs when:
 
• the child is taken illegally abroad by the parent who does not exercise
exclusive parental rights over it, as it distracts from its
habitual residence;
• the parent who does not exercise exclusive parental rights
the child does not return the child back to his country of habitual
residence in violation of the right to exercise
parental rights or the right of access to the child.
b. International and European law issues
International Child Abduction
 
To combat the increasingly spreading phenomenon of international
Child Abduction adopted the following international conventions:
• Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International
Child Abduction (The Hague, October 25, 1980): This Convention provides
the possibility of a parent whose child has been abducted, to apply for
return of the child (for example, when one of the parents or kidnapped
keep illegal child in another country) or recovery
the right of access to the child. The goal is the child to be protected
of detachment from the environment as a result of his removal or failure to return
in the country of habitual residence.
• Brussels IIa Regulation (EC) №2201 / 2003 of November 27, 2003
on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of
judgments in matrimonial matters and the matters of parental
responsibility: the regulation lays down in connection with the kidnapping of
children, the enforceability of judgments handed down in the country
the habitual residence of the child. Furthermore, the regulation does not
provides a declaration of enforceability of decisions of the bodies of
Member State concerning the right of access to the child.
• Convention of the United Nations on the Rights of
Child, adopted in New York on November 20, 1989 .: it represents the
overall instrument for the protection and promotion of children's rights.
 


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What is meant by international child abduction What is meant by international child abduction